Young Senegalese Mother Elizabeth Mbambu

Young Senegalese Mother Elizabeth MbambuBackground

Senegal has made significant strides in the past few decades improving overall health indicators, but challenges remain regarding reproductive health and family planning (FP) uptake.  Currently, only 13% of married women between the ages of 15-49 use any kind of contraceptive method and among those, only about 1% uses a long-acting or permanent method (PRB 2011).  Not surprisingly, total fertility rate remains high with an average of 5 children born to a woman during her lifetime (PRB 2011).

Youth-Friendly Services Assessment

Working closely with Senegal’s Ministry of Health and Welfare, E2A is leading an in-depth assessment of youth-friendly services offered by the country’s public health system. Findings from the assessment will inform Senegal’s National Strategic Plan for Adolescent and Youth Sexual and Reproductive Health (AYSRH), resulting in recommendations to the government about how youth-friendly services can be made more conducive to youth needs. The assessment is directed by E2A and implemented locally by the Global Research and Advocacy Group.

The assessment is being conducted in Kaolack, Kédougou, Kolda, Matam, Saint-Louis, and Sédhiou, the six regions with the poorest AYSRH indicators. The assessment will examine the multiple approaches to offering youth-friendly services currently employed by the government: stand-alone youth centers, youth spaces within health facilities, the mainstreaming of youth-friendly services in health facilities, mobile services for young people, incorporation of youth-friendly services curricula in schools, and community-based youth-friendly services. Findings will determine which of the approaches are most effective and any improvements to the most effective approaches that can make them better adapted to youth needs.

PAC-FP Assessment

E2A assessed the implementation and scale-up of Postabortion care (PAC) programs in four Francophone West African countries, including Senegal. The assessment focused on the FP component of PAC. Each of the four countries applied a Virtual Fostering Change methodology for the scale-up of PAC programs, beginning in 2008.

The provision of FP within PAC services – a key component of the widely accepted PAC model – has been identified as a high-impact practice which contributes to the use of FP by women who need FP services. While the impact of this practice is known, more evidence is needed about successful approaches to its implementation and sustainable scale-up. The purpose of the assessment conducted by E2A was to identify the core activities undertaken by the four countries to strengthen PAC-FP services at the point of treatment and factors that contributed to – or hindered – success. In addition, the assessment looked at the role the Virtual Fostering Change methodology played in introducing and sustaining FP within PAC services. Virtual Fostering Change was introduced following a regional meeting in 2008 that focused on strengthening the quality and scale-up of PAC services in West Africa. The meeting was sponsored by the US Agency for International Development (USAID) and the World Health Organization, with support and participation from the Implementing Best Practices Initiative, governments, national and international organizations.

Between September 2012 and March 2013, E2A, working with guidance from key government partners in the region, USAID, and participants of the 2008 PAC meeting, collected data from health facilities, including conducting interviews with service providers, reviewing service delivery statistics, and leading focus group discussions. Key government counterparts were interviewed, as were projects that provided technical assistance to the initiative, and E2A conducted a desk review of PAC programs as a complementary feature of the work.

E2A's assessment report of the PAC program in Senegal is referenced below.

Results of the assessments were presented at a regional workshop, held last October in Saly, Senegal. Based on the assessment results, representatives from the four countries, along with others in Francophone West Africa, have made plans to strengthen certain aspects of PAC service delivery over the next year. The assessment provides a useful contribution to understanding what works and does not work in PAC program implementation. E2A is committed to strengthening FP within PAC services and will seek opportunities to apply these programmatic lessons widely.

Population:15.1 million
Country Fertility Rate:5
PRB 2014 World Population Data Sheet

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